Nigeria is a strategic country in Africa thus any change in
government will influence a corresponding change in Africa.
Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa with an estimated
population of 120 million people. About two hundred and fifty ethnic
nationalities and over five hundred languages share Nigeria’s
Nigeria, it is constantly argued was amalgamated by the British in
1914 without due consideration for the diverse ethnic nationalities,
language, culture and the religious backgrounds of the peoples that
now make up the Nigerian State. Most challenging for Nigeria it is
constantly argued, is the fact that the Southern part of the country
is being made to bear the financial burden of the North which it is
said to be contributing little or nothing to the national wealth. In
other words it is argued that the North is a liability on the Southern
part of the country.
Since Nigeria’s political independence from Great Britain on October 1st
1960, the country has under gone many transformations and
restructuring. She has been changed structurally several times from
being a country with Regional Governments to that made up of twelve
States to nineteen States. Nigeria as at 2006 has thirty-six States
plus the Federal Capital Territory (FCT).
Nigeria has re-written her Constitution several times since
independence and between military regimes since 1960, supposedly to
reflect the changing structure and times in the life of the Nation and
It has been argued that the lack of stability in Nigeria today dates
back to the military intervention in 1966, six years into Nigeria’s
political independence. This military intervention effectively aborted
the country’s political independence and hence hindered Nigeria’s
attempt to develop her democracy.
The civil war that followed claimed over one million Nigerian lives
and sewed the seed of ethnic conflict in the country. This was a major
setback from which Nigeria is yet to recover.
Since the civil war Nigerians have been made to endure grave brutality
and untold financial hardship, which can be associated with military
dictatorship and political instability.
Since independence, Nigeria had experienced a rotation of Governance
between the military and their civilian counterparts all of whom
shared power under either outright military dictatorship, or, civil